Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the lungs and airways causing inflammation and narrowing in the inner walls of the same, and therefore difficult the passage of air needed to breathe.The degree of this inflammation can vary depending on the stimuli you receive from your environment or if you are allergic or find certain substances irritating. Some examples of factors that may trigger or worsen asthma are: allergens (pollen, dust mites, animal hair, etc.), tobacco smoke, environmental pollution, among others. There are different types of asthma according to the factor that triggers the asthma attack, if you want to go deeper into this topic visit the section
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of asthma are coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and / or shortness of breath. These symptoms may get worse during exercise, when you have a cold or during times of high stress. However, not all people who suffer from asthma have the same symptoms and having these symptoms does not mean you have asthma. Did you know that 97% of asthma patients have trouble sleeping? If you have asthma or know someone who has it, you will know their symptoms and that feeling of running out of air. This is what the project "Fighting for breathing" has wanted to study, through the European Survey of the Asthmatic Patient, which has interviewed more than 1,000 patients of this pathology from several European countries to know how asthma affects their day to day and what restrictions it causes them.
Here we leave you some of the most outstanding results of the survey, discover them! 97% of people with asthma have their sleep affected by the pathology. 88% say that asthma affects their daily lives. 84% of people with asthma say that their physical activities are affected. 74% of asthmatics have suffered a major attack in the last year that has made them need treatment. 66% of patients need more than 24 hours to recover after having an asthma attack. 50% think that their professional life has been affected by the pathology.
46% consider themselves controlled patients, while 6% believe that they are not sufficiently controlled. The study, which has been conducted in Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom and France, also explains patient testimonials that explain how the limitations of asthma have affected them in their daily lives, such as not being able to participate in certain activities or having They adjust their leisure. If you want to know more about asthma, its causes or how it is diagnosed, do not forget to consult. You count a lot! Remember that you are not alone, there are 50 million people in the world with severe asthma.
Curious facts about asthma in France
In the review of 330 cases of occupational asthma that occurred between 2008 and 2011 in six French departments (Haut-Rhin, Bas Rhin, Doubs, Belfort, Val de Marne Yvelines), researchers have shown that bakers were the riskiest profession due to its contact with flour, responsible for 20% of asthma cases. They are followed by health and cleaning professionals due to the handling of quaternary ammonium compounds found mainly in disinfectants and are responsible for 15% of asthma cases in France. The third profession for risk of asthma is hairdressing, in which persulfates are used, substances present in the products used for discoloration, according to Professor Frédéric de Blay, a pulmonologist at the University Hospital of Strasbourg (HUS) and lead author of the study, carried out in cooperation with the Health Surveillance Institute (IVS).
He added that professional asthma accounts for approximately 10 to 15% of the cases of asthma observed in France, 36 cases per year for every million workers. Women are generally more affected than men, with 43 cases per million workers, versus 29 cases in men, "probably because they are mostly those who do the tasks cleaning," says Prof. Blay. Workers, qualified or not, are generally more affected than farmers, with those working in the food industry clearly the most affected, according to the study. For Dr. Blay, the emergence of disinfection products among the causes of asthma is a "new phenomenon" that was not perceptible in a previous study conducted in the nineties.
French scientists have created a vaccine against asthma
At this time the vaccine is in the development phase, and experts plan to conclude clinical trials in the next three or four years. Bruno Pitard, scientific coordinator of the research team responsible for this vaccine, does not doubt that the efforts of his colleagues will culminate successfully, Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that depending on the severity can have a lethal outcome. Doctors argue that the basic factors that favor the progress of this disease are the inheritance and the impact of the environment, although alcohol abuse, passive smoking and even some microorganisms in the human system can also contribute to its development.
Although asthma is a widespread evil, science still ignores the causes of its appearance. That is why every year pharmaceutical companies finance new research in this field. This is how the French researchers with Bruno Pitard at the head developed the first method of combating asthma since today there are drugs able to suppress symptoms, but they can not cure the disease. The scholars focused their efforts on the DNA sequence of the cells responsible for the allergy. With the help of nano carriers or "nano taxis" the vaccine will be able to reorient the human body so that it reacts to the disease and defends itself instead of causing an allergic reaction that is what usually generates asthma. In order for the vaccine to have a good effect, it must be introduced twice into the body. This is not the first, much less the attempts to develop a vaccine against asthma. In 2003, the National Heart and Lung Institute, dependent on the Imperial College of London, dealt with this problem. For now, the asthma vaccine is not offered in pharmacies and doctors French continue to prescribe preparations for a symptomatic treatment or basic therapy. They also strongly recommend doing physical exercises, practicing respiratory gymnastics, educating the body's thermal resistance and attending physiotherapy courses.